Uganda Climate Forecast June, July and August 2013 Released

Cows will need enough pasture in pastoral areas June-August

MINISTRY OF WATER AND ENVIRONMENT
DEPARTMENT OF METEOROLOGY

4th June 2013

JUNE TO AUGUST 2013 SEASON RAINFALL OUTLOOK OVER UGANDA

1.0 Overview

The forecast period (June – August) is generally part of the dry season over most parts of western, central, lake Victoria basin and eastern region. However, it is a major rainfall season for much of the northern region. Following the conclusion of the 34th Climate Outlook Forum for the Greater Horn of Africa held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from 29th – 30th May 2013, the international, regional and national scientists reviewed the processes and mechanisms expected to influence the evolution of regional climate during June to August 2013 season. Global Sea Surface Temperatures especially over the Indian and Atlantic Oceans have been identified to be the major predictor, which will be modulated by regional and local scale features including large inland lakes and the complex topographical patterns. These inputs were combined using expert analysis and interpretation to obtain forecast probabilities for the evolution of regional rainfall during the period June to August 2013.

Based on the above considerations as well as details of the climatology, scientific tools for climate analysis, and the physical features of the different regions of the country, Department of Meteorology, Ministry of Water and Environment, has come up with the following detailed forecast:-

Overall, there is an increased likelihood of near normal rains over south western region, central and northern Uganda including Karamoja region, while the rest of the country is expected to experience near normal to below normal rainfall conditions. The breakdown of the forecast for each region is given as follows:

2. Detailed seasonal forecast

2.1 WESTERN

2.1.1 South Western (Kisoro, Kabale, Rukungiri, Kanungu, Ntungamo, Mbarara, Kiruhura, Isingiro, Ibanda, Bushenyi, Buhweju, Mitooma, Sheema, Rubirizi and Kasese) districts

The region is currently receiving intermittent light rains that are likely to persist up to late June/early July. Dry spell is expected during July and thereafter moderate rains are expected to set in and continue up to the mid August, when the onset of the second rainy season (September-to-December) is expected. Overall, there are high chances of near normal rains over most parts of this region.

Crop
• Harvest mature crops
• Use dry spells for proper drying of harvested crops
• Carryout proper postharvest handling and storage to prevent pest attacks and spoilage
• Use intermittent light rains for early maturing crops especially vegetables that can be supplemented with micro-irrigation
• Preservation of planting materials for the next season
• Prepare land for the next season, ploughing
• Avoid bush burning, cutting trees and destruction of water catchment areas
• Practice mulching to conserve moisture in the soil
• Prepare composite manure
• Prune perennial crops like tea
• Control perennial weeds
• Planting of pastures can be undertaken including the improvement of the existing ones
• Guard against crop pests and diseases which are likely to be common

Livestock
• Construct and de-silt water and soil conservation structures in preparation for water harvesting
• Avoid bush burning to preserve pasture and forage
• Practice rotational grazing to avoid overgrazing
• Vaccinate and treat animals against the common diseases and warms

Fisheries
• Clear bush around fish ponds
• Construct / de-silt existing fishponds
• Secure ponds and other prevent predators from pond area
Forestry
• Avoid irresponsible tree cutting
• Prepare tree nursery beds for the next season
• Irrigate and maintain young tress
(b) Disaster Risk Reduction

Floods advisories
• Resettling people from flood prone areas
• Construct flood proof houses (Raise basements of foundations, put water proof floors)
• Construct proper drainage systems around the homesteads and gardens
• Communities living around national parks are advised to report displacement of animals
• De-silt drainage channels especially in Urban areas

Landslides advisory
• Identify and report any cracks to the authorities especially in mountainous districts of Kisoro and Kabale
• Relocate to safer areas

Lightning advisory
 Communities should be sensitised to put on rubber shoes
 Avoid contact with metallic objects while raining
 Installation of lightning arrestors on buildings(Schools, hospitals)
 Avoid sheltering under trees

Epidemics advisory
• Sensitisation of communities on hygiene
• Drinking clean water
• Need to have latrines
• Need to increase health surveillance

(C) Water, Energy and Power generation Advisories

Water
• Water harvesting should be stepped up at house hold level to take advantage of the abundant water for use in drier times
• De-silting of wells (water sources)
• Encourage irrigation in areas expected to receive depressed rainfall
• Protect the springs/wells (Barricades around the wells to protect them)
• People should avoid taking contaminated water
• People living in hilly areas and carrying out cultivation should take heed.
• Soil and water conservation should be encouraged
• Heavy siltation of water resources like rivers, lakes, and dams where there is minimal vegetation cover
• People should take heed of likely episodes of flooding in low land areas and river bank bursts

Energy and Power generation
• The levels of rivers and springs are likely to go down so affecting the production of Hydro Electricity Power so power should be used sparingly and conserved
• Use alternative sources of energy e.g. solar
• Rehabilitate and replace weak electric poles
• Avoid bush burning
• Harvest fuel wood (briquettes, firewood) and store
• Construction of energy saving stoves

(d) Health Advisories

• Need for heath education and awareness campaigns
• Increase disease surveillance due to expected upsurges of epidemics
• Need to have the necessary standby drugs at the districts
• Need for contingency planning

(e) Infrastructure and Works Advisories

• De-silting the drainage systems
• Repair the culverts and replace the damaged ones
• Resurfacing the roads
• Preposition of the maintenance logistics (e.g. bull dozers) for repair of bridges that may become submerged or washed away due to flash floods and also land slides which may cause road blockages
• Strong/violent winds may be experienced that can cause structural damages to buildings (blow off rooftops and collapse of poorly constructed buildings).
• Installation of lightning arrestors on public buildings (schools, hospitals) and also in homes.
• Put aside a contingency fund.

(f) Education and Conservation
Education
• Encourage water harvesting and Storage in schools
• Ensure sustainable use of available water
• Emphasise tree planting and management to avoid wind and dust storms
• Awareness on hygiene and sanitation to avoid water and air borne diseases

Conservation
• Clearing buffer zones around the gardens and forest plantations
• Establish water points inside the park to avoid animal movement to the communities to look for water
• Communities around protected areas should fence water sources to avoid animal raids
• Protected livestock should not be allowed to mix with wild animals to avoid disease transfers
• Uganda wildlife authority should deploy staff to control problem animals from raiding community gardens
• De-silting of water resources to avoid floods and water scarcity
• In areas expected to receive enhanced rainfall, tree planting and re-planting of degraded forests should be encouraged

2.1.2 Central Western (Bundibugyo, Ntoroko, Kabarole, Kyenjojo, Kyegegwa, Kamwenge, Masindi, Buliisa, Hoima and Kibaale) districts

Currently the region is experiencing intermittent light rains that are likely to persist up to late June/early July. A break of dry spell is expected to set in July with occasional rains up to the end of August. Overall, there are high chances of near normal rains over most parts of this region.

Crop
• Harvest mature crops
• Use dry spells for proper drying of harvested crops
• Carryout proper postharvest handling and storage to prevent pest attacks and spoilage
• Use intermittent light rains for early maturing crops especially vegetables that can be supplemented with micro-irrigation
• Preservation of planting materials for the next season
• Prepare land for the next season, ploughing
• Avoid bush burning, cutting trees and destruction of water catchment areas
• Practice mulching to conserve moisture in the soil
• Prepare composite manure
• Prune perennial crops like tea
• Control perennial weeds
• Planting of pastures can be undertaken including the improvement of the existing ones
• Guard against crop pests and diseases which are likely to be common

Livestock
• Construct and de-silt water and soil conservation structures in preparation for water harvesting
• Avoid bush burning to preserve pasture and forage
• Practice rotational grazing to avoid overgrazing
• Vaccinate and treat animals against the common diseases and warms

Fisheries
• Clear bush around fish ponds
• Construct / de-silt existing fishponds
• Secure ponds and other prevent predators from pond area
Forestry
• Avoid irresponsible tree cutting
• Prepare tree nursery beds for the next season
• Irrigate and maintain young tress

(b) Disaster Risk Reduction

Floods advisories
• Resettling people from flood prone areas
• Construct flood proof houses (Raise basements of foundations, put water proof floors)
• Construct proper drainage systems around the homesteads and gardens
• Communities living around national parks are advised to report displacement of animals
• De-silt drainage channels especially in Urban areas

Landslides advisory
• Identify and report any cracks to the authorities
• Relocate to safer areas

Lightning advisory
 Communities should be sensitised to put on rubber shoes
 Avoid contact with metallic objects while raining
 Installation of lightning arrestors on buildings(Schools, hospitals)
 Avoid sheltering under trees

Epidemics advisory
• Sensitisation of communities on hygiene
• Drinking clean water
• Need to have latrines
• Need to increase health surveillance

(C) Water, Energy and Power generation Advisories

Water
• Water harvesting should be stepped up at house hold level to take advantage of the abundant water for use in drier times
• De-silting of wells (water sources)
• Encourage irrigation in areas expected to receive depressed rainfall
• Protect the springs/wells (Barricades around the wells to protect them)
• People should avoid taking contaminated water
• People living in hilly areas and carrying out cultivation should take heed.
• Soil and water conservation should be encouraged
• Heavy siltation of water resources like rivers, lakes, and dams where there is minimal vegetation cover
• People should take heed of likely episodes of flooding in low land areas and river bank bursts

Energy and Power generation
• The levels of rivers and springs are likely to go down so affecting the production of Hydro Electricity Power so power should be used sparingly and conserved
• Use alternative sources of energy e.g. solar
• Rehabilitate and replace weak electric poles
• Avoid bush burning
• Harvest fuel wood (briquettes, firewood) and store
• Construction of energy saving stoves

(d) Health Advisories

• Need for heath education and awareness campaigns
• Increase disease surveillance due to expected upsurges of epidemics
• Need to have the necessary standby drugs at the districts
• Need for contingency planning

(e) Infrastructure and Works Advisories

• De-silting the drainage systems
• Repair the culverts and replace the damaged ones
• Resurfacing the roads
• Preposition of the maintenance logistics (e.g. bull dozers) for repair of bridges that may become submerged or washed away due to flash floods and also land slides which may cause road blockages
• Strong/violent winds may be experienced that can cause structural damages to buildings (blow off rooftops and collapse of poorly constructed buildings).
• Installation of lightning arrestors on public buildings (schools, hospitals) and also in homes.
• Put aside a contingency fund.

(f) Education and Conservation
Education
• Encourage water harvesting and Storage in schools
• Ensure sustainable use of available water
• Emphasise tree planting and management to avoid wind and dust storms
• Awareness on hygiene and sanitation to avoid water and air borne diseases

Conservation
• Clearing buffer zones around the gardens and forest plantations
• Establish water points inside the park to avoid animal movement to the communities to look for water
• Communities around protected areas should fence water sources to avoid animal raids
• Protected livestock should not be allowed to mix with wild animals to avoid disease transfers
• Uganda wildlife authority should deploy staff to control problem animals from raiding community gardens
• De-silting of water resources to avoid floods and water scarcity
• In areas expected to receive enhanced rainfall, tree planting and re-planting of degraded forests should be encouraged

2.1.3 North Western (Moyo, Yumbe, Adjumani, Arua, Terego, Zombo, Nebbi, Koboko) districts

The region is currently experiencing occasional short-lived dry spells which are expected to continue up to the end of July/early August when near normal rains are expected to set in and persist up to late October/early November. Overall, near normal rains are expected over this region.

Crop
• Harvest mature crops
• Use dry spells for proper drying of harvested crops
• Carryout proper postharvest handling and storage to prevent pest attacks and spoilage
• Use intermittent light rains for early maturing crops especially vegetables that can be supplemented with micro-irrigation
• Preservation of planting materials for the next season
• Prepare land for the next season, ploughing
• Avoid bush burning, cutting trees and destruction of water catchment areas
• Practice mulching to conserve moisture in the soil
• Prepare composite manure
• Prune perennial crops like tea
• Control perennial weeds
• Planting of pastures can be undertaken including the improvement of the existing ones
• Guard against crop pests and diseases which are likely to be common

Livestock
• Construct and de-silt water and soil conservation structures in preparation for water harvesting
• Avoid bush burning to preserve pasture and forage
• Practice rotational grazing to avoid overgrazing
• Vaccinate and treat animals against the common diseases and warms

Fisheries
• Clear bush around fish ponds
• Construct / de-silt existing fishponds
• Secure ponds and other prevent predators from pond area
Forestry
• Avoid irresponsible tree cutting
• Prepare tree nursery beds for the next season
• Irrigate and maintain young tress
(b) Disaster Risk Reduction

Floods advisories
• Resettling people from flood prone areas
• Construct flood proof houses (Raise basements of foundations, put water proof floors)
• Construct proper drainage systems around the homesteads and gardens
• Communities living around national parks are advised to report displacement of animals
• De-silt drainage channels especially in Urban areas

Landslides advisory
• Identify and report any cracks to the authorities
• Relocate to safer areas

Lightning advisory
 Communities should be sensitised to put on rubber shoes
 Avoid contact with metallic objects while raining
 Installation of lightning arrestors on buildings(Schools, hospitals)
 Avoid sheltering under trees

Epidemics advisory
• Sensitisation of communities on hygiene
• Drinking clean water
• Need to have latrines
• Need to increase health surveillance

(C) Water, Energy and Power generation Advisories

Water
• Water harvesting should be stepped up at house hold level to take advantage of the abundant water for use in drier times
• De-silting of wells (water sources)
• Encourage irrigation in areas expected to receive depressed rainfall
• Protect the springs/wells (Barricades around the wells to protect them)
• People should avoid taking contaminated water
• People living in hilly areas and carrying out cultivation should take heed.
• Soil and water conservation should be encouraged
• Heavy siltation of water resources like rivers, lakes, and dams where there is minimal vegetation cover
• People should take heed of likely episodes of flooding in low land areas and river bank bursts

Energy and Power generation
• The levels of rivers and springs are likely to go down so affecting the production of Hydro Electricity Power so power should be used sparingly and conserved
• Use alternative sources of energy e.g. solar
• Rehabilitate and replace weak electric poles
• Avoid bush burning
• Harvest fuel wood (briquettes, firewood) and store
• Construction of energy saving stoves

(d) Health Advisories

• Need for heath education and awareness campaigns
• Increase disease surveillance due to expected upsurges of epidemics
• Need to have the necessary standby drugs at the districts
• Need for contingency planning

(e) Infrastructure and Works Advisories

• De-silting the drainage systems
• Repair the culverts and replace the damaged ones
• Resurfacing the roads
• Preposition of the maintenance logistics (e.g. bull dozers) for repair of bridges that may become submerged or washed away due to flash floods and also land slides which may cause road blockages
• Strong/violent winds may be experienced that can cause structural damages to buildings (blow off rooftops and collapse of poorly constructed buildings).
• Installation of lightning arrestors on public buildings (schools, hospitals) and also in homes.
• Put aside a contingency fund.

(f) Education and Conservation
Education
• Encourage water harvesting and Storage in schools
• Ensure sustainable use of available water
• Emphasise tree planting and management to avoid wind and dust storms
• Awareness on hygiene and sanitation to avoid water and air borne diseases

Conservation
• Clearing buffer zones around the gardens and forest plantations
• Establish water points inside the park to avoid animal movement to the communities to look for water
• Communities around protected areas should fence water sources to avoid animal raids
• Protected livestock should not be allowed to mix with wild animals to avoid disease transfers
• Uganda wildlife authority should deploy staff to control problem animals from raiding community gardens
• De-silting of water resources to avoid floods and water scarcity
• In areas expected to receive enhanced rainfall, tree planting and re-planting of degraded forests should be encouraged

2.2 LAKE VICTORIA BASIN AND CENTRAL AREAS

2.2.1 Western parts of Central (Nakasongola, Luwero, Kyankwanzi, Nakaseke Kiboga, Mubende, Sembabule, Western Masaka, Lyantonde, and Rakai) districts

The dry spells with occasional light rains which are currently being experienced over the region are expected to continue up to late June. Thereafter, a long dry spell is expected from early July to around late July/early August when irregular light rains are expected to set in. Probabilities are high for most parts of the region to receive near normal rains.

Crop
• Harvest mature crops
• Use dry spells for proper drying of harvested crops
• Carryout proper postharvest handling and storage to prevent pest attacks and spoilage
• Use intermittent light rains for early maturing crops especially vegetables that can be supplemented with micro-irrigation
• Preservation of planting materials for the next season
• Prepare land for the next season, ploughing
• Avoid bush burning, cutting trees and destruction of water catchment areas
• Practice mulching to conserve moisture in the soil
• Prepare composite manure
• Prune perennial crops like tea
• Control perennial weeds
• Planting of pastures can be undertaken including the improvement of the existing ones
• Guard against crop pests and diseases which are likely to be common

Livestock
• Construct and de-silt water and soil conservation structures in preparation for water harvesting
• Avoid bush burning to preserve pasture and forage
• Practice rotational grazing to avoid overgrazing
• Vaccinate and treat animals against the common diseases and warms

Fisheries
• Clear bush around fish ponds
• Construct / de-silt existing fishponds
• Secure ponds and other prevent predators from pond area
Forestry
• Avoid irresponsible tree cutting
• Prepare tree nursery beds for the next season
• Irrigate and maintain young tress
(b) Disaster Risk Reduction

Floods advisories
• Resettling people from flood prone areas
• Construct flood proof houses (Raise basements of foundations, put water proof floors)
• Construct proper drainage systems around the homesteads and gardens
• Communities living around national parks are advised to report displacement of animals
• De-silt drainage channels especially in Urban areas

Landslides advisory
• Identify and report any cracks to the authorities
• Relocate to safer areas

Lightning advisory
 Communities should be sensitised to put on rubber shoes
 Avoid contact with metallic objects while raining
 Installation of lightning arrestors on buildings(Schools, hospitals)
 Avoid sheltering under trees

Epidemics advisory
• Sensitisation of communities on hygiene
• Drinking clean water
• Need to have latrines
• Need to increase health surveillance

(C) Water, Energy and Power generation Advisories

Water
• Water harvesting should be stepped up at house hold level to take advantage of the abundant water for use in drier times
• De-silting of wells (water sources)
• Encourage irrigation in areas expected to receive depressed rainfall
• Protect the springs/wells (Barricades around the wells to protect them)
• People should avoid taking contaminated water
• People living in hilly areas and carrying out cultivation should take heed.
• Soil and water conservation should be encouraged
• Heavy siltation of water resources like rivers, lakes, and dams where there is minimal vegetation cover
• People should take heed of likely episodes of flooding in low land areas and river bank bursts

Energy and Power generation
• The levels of rivers and springs are likely to go down so affecting the production of Hydro Electricity Power so power should be used sparingly and conserved
• Use alternative sources of energy e.g. solar
• Rehabilitate and replace weak electric poles
• Avoid bush burning
• Harvest fuel wood (briquettes, firewood) and store
• Construction of energy saving stoves

(d) Health Advisories

• Need for heath education and awareness campaigns
• Increase disease surveillance due to expected upsurges of epidemics
• Need to have the necessary standby drugs at the districts
• Need for contingency planning

(e) Infrastructure and Works Advisories

• De-silting the drainage systems
• Repair the culverts and replace the damaged ones
• Resurfacing the roads
• Preposition of the maintenance logistics (e.g. bull dozers) for repair of bridges that may become submerged or washed away due to flash floods and also land slides which may cause road blockages
• Strong/violent winds may be experienced that can cause structural damages to buildings (blow off rooftops and collapse of poorly constructed buildings).
• Installation of lightning arrestors on public buildings (schools, hospitals) and also in homes.
• Put aside a contingency fund.

(f) Education and Conservation
Education
• Encourage water harvesting and Storage in schools
• Ensure sustainable use of available water
• Emphasise tree planting and management to avoid wind and dust storms
• Awareness on hygiene and sanitation to avoid water and air borne diseases

Conservation
• Clearing buffer zones around the gardens and forest plantations
• Establish water points inside the park to avoid animal movement to the communities to look for water
• Communities around protected areas should fence water sources to avoid animal raids
• Protected livestock should not be allowed to mix with wild animals to avoid disease transfers
• Uganda wildlife authority should deploy staff to control problem animals from raiding community gardens
• De-silting of water resources to avoid floods and water scarcity
• In areas expected to receive enhanced rainfall, tree planting and re-planting of degraded forests should be encouraged

2.2.2 Eastern parts of Central (Mukono, Buikwe, Kayunga, Buvuma) districts

The region is currently experiencing dry conditions with occasional outbreaks of light showers and thunderstorms, which are expected to continue up to late June/early July when near normal rains are expected to set in. In general, there are high chances that this region will receive near normal rains.

Crop
• Harvest mature crops
• Use dry spells for proper drying of harvested crops
• Carryout proper postharvest handling and storage to prevent pest attacks and spoilage
• Use intermittent light rains for early maturing crops especially vegetables that can be supplemented with micro-irrigation
• Preservation of planting materials for the next season
• Prepare land for the next season, ploughing
• Avoid bush burning, cutting trees and destruction of water catchment areas
• Practice mulching to conserve moisture in the soil
• Prepare composite manure
• Prune perennial crops like tea
• Control perennial weeds
• Planting of pastures can be undertaken including the improvement of the existing ones
• Guard against crop pests and diseases which are likely to be common

Livestock
• Construct and de-silt water and soil conservation structures in preparation for water harvesting
• Avoid bush burning to preserve pasture and forage
• Practice rotational grazing to avoid overgrazing
• Vaccinate and treat animals against the common diseases and warms

Fisheries
• Clear bush around fish ponds
• Construct / de-silt existing fishponds
• Secure ponds and other prevent predators from pond area
Forestry
• Avoid irresponsible tree cutting
• Prepare tree nursery beds for the next season
• Irrigate and maintain young tress
(b) Disaster Risk Reduction

Floods advisories
• Resettling people from flood prone areas
• Construct flood proof houses (Raise basements of foundations, put water proof floors)
• Construct proper drainage systems around the homesteads and gardens
• Communities living around national parks are advised to report displacement of animals
• De-silt drainage channels especially in Urban areas

Landslides advisory
• Identify and report any cracks to the authorities
• Relocate to safer areas

Lightning advisory
 Communities should be sensitised to put on rubber shoes
 Avoid contact with metallic objects while raining
 Installation of lightning arrestors on buildings(Schools, hospitals)
 Avoid sheltering under trees

Epidemics advisory
• Sensitisation of communities on hygiene
• Drinking clean water
• Need to have latrines
• Need to increase health surveillance

(C) Water, Energy and Power generation Advisories

Water
• Water harvesting should be stepped up at house hold level to take advantage of the abundant water for use in drier times
• De-silting of wells (water sources)
• Encourage irrigation in areas expected to receive depressed rainfall
• Protect the springs/wells (Barricades around the wells to protect them)
• People should avoid taking contaminated water
• People living in hilly areas and carrying out cultivation should take heed.
• Soil and water conservation should be encouraged
• Heavy siltation of water resources like rivers, lakes, and dams where there is minimal vegetation cover
• People should take heed of likely episodes of flooding in low land areas and river bank bursts

Energy and Power generation
• The levels of rivers and springs are likely to go down so affecting the production of Hydro Electricity Power so power should be used sparingly and conserved
• Use alternative sources of energy e.g. solar
• Rehabilitate and replace weak electric poles
• Avoid bush burning
• Harvest fuel wood (briquettes, firewood) and store
• Construction of energy saving stoves

(d) Health Advisories

• Need for heath education and awareness campaigns
• Increase disease surveillance due to expected upsurges of epidemics
• Need to have the necessary standby drugs at the districts
• Need for contingency planning

(e) Infrastructure and Works Advisories

• De-silting the drainage systems
• Repair the culverts and replace the damaged ones
• Resurfacing the roads
• Preposition of the maintenance logistics (e.g. bull dozers) for repair of bridges that may become submerged or washed away due to flash floods and also land slides which may cause road blockages
• Strong/violent winds may be experienced that can cause structural damages to buildings (blow off rooftops and collapse of poorly constructed buildings).
• Installation of lightning arrestors on public buildings (schools, hospitals) and also in homes.
• Put aside a contingency fund.

(f) Education and Conservation
Education
• Encourage water harvesting and Storage in schools
• Ensure sustainable use of available water
• Emphasise tree planting and management to avoid wind and dust storms
• Awareness on hygiene and sanitation to avoid water and air borne diseases

Conservation
• Clearing buffer zones around the gardens and forest plantations
• Establish water points inside the park to avoid animal movement to the communities to look for water
• Communities around protected areas should fence water sources to avoid animal raids
• Protected livestock should not be allowed to mix with wild animals to avoid disease transfers
• Uganda wildlife authority should deploy staff to control problem animals from raiding community gardens
• De-silting of water resources to avoid floods and water scarcity
• In areas expected to receive enhanced rainfall, tree planting and re-planting of degraded forests should be encouraged

2.2.3. Central and Western Lake Victoria Basin ((Kalangala, Kampala, Wakiso, Eastern Masaka, Lwengo, Mpigi, Butambala, Kalungu, Bukomansimbi, Gomba, and Mityana) districts

The region is currently experiencing dry conditions with occasional outbreaks of light showers and thunderstorms, which are expected to continue up to late June/early July when near normal rains are expected to set in and prevail up to mid August. In general, probabilities are high for most parts of the region to receive near normal to above normal rains during this season.

Crop
• Harvest mature crops
• Use dry spells for proper drying of harvested crops
• Carryout proper postharvest handling and storage to prevent pest attacks and spoilage
• Use intermittent light rains for early maturing crops especially vegetables that can be supplemented with micro-irrigation
• Preservation of planting materials for the next season
• Prepare land for the next season, ploughing
• Avoid bush burning, cutting trees and destruction of water catchment areas
• Practice mulching to conserve moisture in the soil
• Prepare composite manure
• Prune perennial crops like tea
• Control perennial weeds
• Planting of pastures can be undertaken including the improvement of the existing ones
• Guard against crop pests and diseases which are likely to be common

Livestock
• Construct and de-silt water and soil conservation structures in preparation for water harvesting
• Avoid bush burning to preserve pasture and forage
• Practice rotational grazing to avoid overgrazing
• Vaccinate and treat animals against the common diseases and warms

Fisheries
• Clear bush around fish ponds
• Construct / de-silt existing fishponds
• Secure ponds and other prevent predators from pond area
Forestry
• Avoid irresponsible tree cutting
• Prepare tree nursery beds for the next season
• Irrigate and maintain young tress
(b) Disaster Risk Reduction

Floods advisories
• Resettling people from flood prone areas
• Construct flood proof houses (Raise basements of foundations, put water proof floors)
• Construct proper drainage systems around the homesteads and gardens
• Communities living around national parks are advised to report displacement of animals
• De-silt drainage channels especially in Urban areas

Landslides advisory
• Identify and report any cracks to the authorities
• Relocate to safer areas

Lightning advisory
 Communities should be sensitised to put on rubber shoes
 Avoid contact with metallic objects while raining
 Installation of lightning arrestors on buildings(Schools, hospitals)
 Avoid sheltering under trees

Epidemics advisory
• Sensitisation of communities on hygiene
• Drinking clean water
• Need to have latrines
• Need to increase health surveillance

(C) Water, Energy and Power generation Advisories

Water
• Encourage water harvesting especially at house hold level
• De-silting of wells (water sources)
• Encourage irrigation in areas expected to receive depressed rainfall
• Protect the springs/wells (Barricades around the wells to protect them)
• People should avoid taking contaminated water
• People living in hilly areas and carrying out cultivation should take heed.
• Soil and water conservation should be encouraged
• Heavy siltation of water resources like rivers, lakes, and dams where there is minimal vegetation cover
• People should take heed of likely episodes of flooding in low land areas and river bank bursts

Energy and Power generation
• The levels of rivers and springs are likely to go down so affecting the production of Hydro Electricity Power so power should be used sparingly and conserved
• Use alternative sources of energy e.g. solar
• Rehabilitate and replace weak electric poles
• Avoid bush burning
• Harvest fuel wood (briquettes, firewood) and store
• Construction of energy saving stoves

(d) Health Advisories

• Need for heath education and awareness campaigns
• Increase disease surveillance due to expected upsurges of epidemics
• Need to have the necessary standby drugs at the districts
• Need for contingency planning

(e) Infrastructure and Works Advisories

• De-silting the drainage systems
• Repair the culverts and replace the damaged ones
• Resurfacing the roads
• Preposition of the maintenance logistics (e.g. bull dozers) for repair of bridges that may become submerged or washed away due to flash floods and also land slides which may cause road blockages
• Strong/violent winds may be experienced that can cause structural damages to buildings (blow off rooftops and collapse of poorly constructed buildings).
• Installation of lightning arrestors on public buildings (schools, hospitals) and also in homes.
• Put aside a contingency fund.

(f) Education and Conservation
Education
• Encourage water harvesting and Storage in schools
• Ensure sustainable use of available water
• Emphasise tree planting and management to avoid wind and dust storms
• Awareness on hygiene and sanitation to avoid water and air borne diseases

Conservation
• Clearing buffer zones around the gardens and forest plantations
• Establish water points inside the park to avoid animal movement to the communities to look for water
• Communities around protected areas should fence water sources to avoid animal raids
• Protected livestock should not be allowed to mix with wild animals to avoid disease transfers
• Uganda wildlife authority should deploy staff to control problem animals from raiding community gardens
• De-silting of water resources to avoid floods and water scarcity
• In areas expected to receive enhanced rainfall, tree planting and re-planting of degraded forests should be encouraged

2.2.4 Eastern Lake Victoria Basin: (South Jinja, South Bugiri, South Busia, Mayuge)

Currently the region is experiencing some outbreaks of light showers and thunderstorms that are likely to continue up to around mid June. Thereafter the dry season punctuated with occasional outbreaks of showers is expected to get established and continue up to around early August. Overall, near normal to below normal rainfall is expected over this region.

Crop
• Harvest mature crops
• Use dry spells for proper drying of harvested crops
• Carryout proper postharvest handling and storage to prevent pest attacks and spoilage
• Use intermittent light rains for early maturing crops especially vegetables that can be supplemented with micro-irrigation
• Preservation of planting materials for the next season
• Prepare land for the next season, ploughing
• Avoid bush burning, cutting trees and destruction of water catchment areas
• Practice mulching to conserve moisture in the soil
• Prepare composite manure
• Prune perennial crops like tea
• Control perennial weeds
• Planting of pastures can be undertaken including the improvement of the existing ones
• Guard against crop pests and diseases which are likely to be common

Livestock
• Construct and de-silt water and soil conservation structures in preparation for water harvesting
• Avoid bush burning to preserve pasture and forage
• Practice rotational grazing to avoid overgrazing
• Vaccinate and treat animals against the common diseases and warms

Fisheries
• Clear bush around fish ponds
• Construct / de-silt existing fishponds
• Secure ponds and other prevent predators from pond area

Forestry
• Avoid irresponsible tree cutting
• Prepare tree nursery beds for the next season
• Irrigate and maintain young tress

(b) Disaster Risk Reduction

Floods advisories
• Resettling people from flood prone areas
• Construct flood proof houses (Raise basements of foundations, put water proof floors)
• Construct proper drainage systems around the homesteads and gardens
• Communities living around national parks are advised to report displacement of animals
• De-silt drainage channels especially in Urban areas

Landslides advisory
• Identify and report any cracks to the authorities
• Relocate to safer areas

Lightning advisory
 Communities should be sensitised to put on rubber shoes
 Avoid contact with metallic objects while raining
 Installation of lightning arrestors on buildings(Schools, hospitals)
 Avoid sheltering under trees

Epidemics advisory
• Sensitisation of communities on hygiene
• Drinking clean water
• Need to have latrines
• Need to increase health surveillance

(C) Water, Energy and Power generation Advisories

Water
• Encourage water harvesting especially at house hold level
• De-silting of wells (water sources)
• Encourage irrigation in areas expected to receive depressed rainfall
• Protect the springs/wells (Barricades around the wells to protect them)
• People should avoid taking contaminated water
• People living in hilly areas and carrying out cultivation should take heed.
• Soil and water conservation should be encouraged
• Heavy siltation of water resources like rivers, lakes, and dams where there is minimal vegetation cover
• People should take heed of likely episodes of flooding in low land areas and river bank bursts

Energy and Power generation
• The levels of rivers and springs are likely to go down so affecting the production of Hydro Electricity Power so power should be used sparingly and conserved
• Use alternative sources of energy e.g. solar
• Rehabilitate and replace weak electric poles
• Avoid bush burning
• Harvest fuel wood (briquettes, firewood) and store
• Construction of energy saving stoves

(d) Health Advisories

• Need for heath education and awareness campaigns
• Increase disease surveillance due to expected upsurges of epidemics
• Need to have the necessary standby drugs at the districts
• Need for contingency planning

(e) Infrastructure and Works Advisories

• De-silting the drainage systems
• Repair the culverts and replace the damaged ones
• Resurfacing the roads
• Preposition of the maintenance logistics (e.g. bull dozers) for repair of bridges that may become submerged or washed away due to flash floods and also land slides which may cause road blockages
• Strong/violent winds may be experienced that can cause structural damages to buildings (blow off rooftops and collapse of poorly constructed buildings).
• Installation of lightning arrestors on public buildings (schools, hospitals) and also in homes.
• Put aside a contingency fund.

(f) Education and Conservation
Education
• Encourage water harvesting and Storage in schools
• Ensure sustainable use of available water
• Emphasise tree planting and management to avoid wind and dust storms
• Awareness on hygiene and sanitation to avoid water and air borne diseases

Conservation
• Clearing buffer zones around the gardens and forest plantations
• Establish water points inside the park to avoid animal movement to the communities to look for water
• Communities around protected areas should fence water sources to avoid animal raids
• Protected livestock should not be allowed to mix with wild animals to avoid disease transfers
• Uganda wildlife authority should deploy staff to control problem animals from raiding community gardens
• De-silting of water resources to avoid floods and water scarcity
• In areas expected to receive enhanced rainfall, tree planting and re-planting of degraded forests should be encouraged

2.3 EASTERN

2.3.1 Eastern Lake Victoria and South Eastern: (Jinja, Kamuli, Iganga, Bugiri, Luuka, Namutumba, Buyende, Kaliro, Busia and Tororo) districts

The on-going outbreaks of light showers punctuated by short dry spells are expected to continue up to late June, thereafter the dry season punctuated by occasional showers and thunderstorms is expected to set in and continue up to early/mid August. Overall, near normal with a tendency to below normal is expected.

Crop
• Harvest mature crops
• Use dry spells for proper drying of harvested crops
• Carryout proper postharvest handling and storage to prevent pest attacks and spoilage
• Use intermittent light rains for early maturing crops especially vegetables that can be supplemented with micro-irrigation
• Preservation of planting materials for the next season
• Prepare land for the next season, ploughing
• Avoid bush burning, cutting trees and destruction of water catchment areas
• Practice mulching to conserve moisture in the soil
• Prepare composite manure
• Prune perennial crops like tea
• Control perennial weeds
• Planting of pastures can be undertaken including the improvement of the existing ones
• Guard against crop pests and diseases which are likely to be common

Livestock
• Construct and de-silt water and soil conservation structures in preparation for water harvesting
• Avoid bush burning to preserve pasture and forage
• Practice rotational grazing to avoid overgrazing
• Vaccinate and treat animals against the common diseases and warms

Fisheries
• Clear bush around fish ponds
• Construct / de-silt existing fishponds
• Secure ponds and other prevent predators from pond area
Forestry
• Avoid irresponsible tree cutting
• Prepare tree nursery beds for the next season
• Irrigate and maintain young tress
(b) Disaster Risk Reduction

Floods advisories
• Resettling people from flood prone areas
• Construct flood proof houses (Raise basements of foundations, put water proof floors)
• Construct proper drainage systems around the homesteads and gardens
• Communities living around national parks are advised to report displacement of animals
• De-silt drainage channels especially in Urban areas

Landslides advisory
• Identify and report any cracks to the authorities
• Relocate to safer areas

Lightning advisory
 Communities should be sensitised to put on rubber shoes
 Avoid contact with metallic objects while raining
 Installation of lightning arrestors on buildings(Schools, hospitals)
 Avoid sheltering under trees

Epidemics advisory
• Sensitisation of communities on hygiene
• Drinking clean water
• Need to have latrines
• Need to increase health surveillance

(C) Water, Energy and Power generation Advisories

Water
• Encourage water harvesting especially at house hold level
• De-silting of wells (water sources)
• Encourage irrigation in areas expected to receive depressed rainfall
• Protect the springs/wells (Barricades around the wells to protect them)
• People should avoid taking contaminated water
• People living in hilly areas and carrying out cultivation should take heed.
• Soil and water conservation should be encouraged
• Heavy siltation of water resources like rivers, lakes, and dams where there is minimal vegetation cover
• People should take heed of likely episodes of flooding in low land areas and river bank bursts

Energy and Power generation
• The levels of rivers and springs are likely to go down so affecting the production of Hydro Electric Power so power should be used sparingly and conserved
• Use alternative sources of energy e.g. solar
• Rehabilitate and replace weak electric poles
• Avoid bush burning
• Harvest fuel wood (briquettes, firewood) and store
• Construction of energy saving stoves

(d) Health Advisories

• Need for heath education and awareness campaigns
• Increase disease surveillance due to expected upsurges of epidemics
• Need to have the necessary standby drugs at the districts
• Need for contingency planning

(e) Infrastructure and Works Advisories

• De-silting the drainage systems
• Repair the culverts and replace the damaged ones
• Resurfacing the roads
• Preposition of the maintenance logistics (e.g. bull dozers) for repair of bridges that may become submerged or washed away due to flash floods and also land slides which may cause road blockages
• Strong/violent winds may be experienced that can cause structural damages to buildings (blow off rooftops and collapse of poorly constructed buildings).
• Installation of lightning arrestors on public buildings (schools, hospitals) and also in homes.
• Put aside a contingency fund.

(f) Education and Conservation
Education
• Encourage water harvesting and Storage in schools
• Ensure sustainable use of available water
• Emphasise tree planting and management to avoid wind and dust storms
• Awareness on hygiene and sanitation to avoid water and air borne diseases

Conservation
• Clearing buffer zones around the gardens and forest plantations
• Establish water points inside the park to avoid animal movement to the communities to look for water
• Communities around protected areas should fence water sources to avoid animal raids
• Protected livestock should not be allowed to mix with wild animals to avoid disease transfers
• Uganda wildlife authority should deploy staff to control problem animals from raiding community gardens
• De-silting of water resources to avoid floods and water scarcity
• In areas expected to receive enhanced rainfall, tree planting and re-planting of degraded forests should be encouraged

2.3.2 Eastern Central: (Pallisa, Budaka, Mbale, Sironko, Manafwa, Bududa, Bulambuli, Kapchorwa, Kumi, Kaberamaido, Soroti)

The region is currently experiencing intermittent rains which are expected to continue up to around late June. The dry season with occasional outbreaks of showers and thunderstorms is expected to set in thereafter, and continue to around early/mid July. There are high chances that near normal to above normal rains punctuated by short lived dry spells are expected to prevail during around late July and up to the end of the season.

Crop
• Harvest mature crops
• Use dry spells for proper drying of harvested crops
• Carryout proper postharvest handling and storage to prevent pest attacks and spoilage
• Use intermittent light rains for early maturing crops especially vegetables that can be supplemented with micro-irrigation
• Preservation of planting materials for the next season
• Prepare land for the next season, ploughing
• Avoid bush burning, cutting trees and destruction of water catchment areas
• Practice mulching to conserve moisture in the soil
• Prepare composite manure
• Prune perennial crops like tea
• Control perennial weeds
• Planting of pastures can be undertaken including the improvement of the existing ones
• Guard against crop pests and diseases which are likely to be common

Livestock
• Construct and de-silt water and soil conservation structures in preparation for water harvesting
• Avoid bush burning to preserve pasture and forage
• Practice rotational grazing to avoid overgrazing
• Vaccinate and treat animals against the common diseases and warms

Fisheries
• Clear bush around fish ponds
• Construct / de-silt existing fishponds
• Secure ponds and other prevent predators from pond area
Forestry
• Avoid irresponsible tree cutting
• Prepare tree nursery beds for the next season
• Irrigate and maintain young tress

(b) Disaster Risk Reduction

Floods advisories
• Resettling people from flood prone areas
• Construct flood proof houses (Raise basements of foundations, put water proof floors)
• Construct proper drainage systems around the homesteads and gardens
• Communities living around national parks are advised to report displacement of animals
• De-silt drainage channels especially in Urban areas

Landslides advisory
• Identify and report any cracks to the authorities
• Relocate to safer areas

Lightning advisory
 Communities should be sensitised to put on rubber shoes
 Avoid contact with metallic objects while raining
 Installation of lightning arrestors on buildings(Schools, hospitals)
 Avoid sheltering under trees

Epidemics advisory
• Sensitisation of communities on hygiene
• Drinking clean water
• Need to have latrines
• Need to increase health surveillance

(C) Water, Energy and Power generation Advisories

Water
• Water harvesting should be stepped up at house hold level to take advantage of the abundant water for use in drier times
• De-silting of wells (water sources)
• Encourage irrigation in areas expected to receive depressed rainfall
• Protect the springs/wells (Barricades around the wells to protect them)
• People should avoid taking contaminated water
• People living in hilly areas and carrying out cultivation should take heed.
• Soil and water conservation should be encouraged
• Heavy siltation of water resources like rivers, lakes, and dams where there is minimal vegetation cover
• People should take heed of likely episodes of flooding in low land areas and river bank bursts

Energy and Power generation
• The levels of rivers and springs are likely to go down so affecting the production of Hydro Electricity Power so power should be used sparingly and conserved
• Use alternative sources of energy e.g. solar
• Rehabilitate and replace weak electric poles
• Avoid bush burning
• Harvest fuel wood (briquettes, firewood) and store
• Construction of energy saving stoves

(d) Health Advisories

• Need for heath education and awareness campaigns
• Increase disease surveillance due to expected upsurges of epidemics
• Need to have the necessary standby drugs at the districts
• Need for contingency planning

(e) Infrastructure and Works Advisories

• De-silting the drainage systems
• Repair the culverts and replace the damaged ones
• Resurfacing the roads
• Preposition of the maintenance logistics (e.g. bull dozers) for repair of bridges that may become submerged or washed away due to flash floods and also land slides which may cause road blockages
• Strong/violent winds may be experienced that can cause structural damages to buildings (blow off rooftops and collapse of poorly constructed buildings).
• Installation of lightning arrestors on public buildings (schools, hospitals) and also in homes.
• Put aside a contingency fund.

(f) Education and Conservation
Education
• Encourage water harvesting and Storage in schools
• Ensure sustainable use of available water
• Emphasise tree planting and management to avoid wind and dust storms
• Awareness on hygiene and sanitation to avoid water and air borne diseases

Conservation
• Clearing buffer zones around the gardens and forest plantations
• Establish water points inside the park to avoid animal movement to the communities to look for water
• Communities around protected areas should fence water sources to avoid animal raids
• Protected livestock should not be allowed to mix with wild animals to avoid disease transfers
• Uganda wildlife authority should deploy staff to control problem animals from raiding community gardens
• De-silting of water resources to avoid floods and water scarcity
• In areas expected to receive enhanced rainfall, tree planting and re-planting of degraded forests should be encouraged

2.3.3 North Eastern: (Katakwi, Moroto, Kotido, Nakapiripirit, Abim, Napak, Amudat, Amuria, and Kaabong) districts

Currently this region is dry with occasional light showers and thunderstorms which are expected to continue up to early July. Thereafter, the dry season with occasional outbreaks of showers and thunderstorms is expected to set in and continue up to the end of August. There are high chances for near normal rains over this region

Crop
• Harvest mature crops
• Use dry spells for proper drying of harvested crops
• Carryout proper postharvest handling and storage to prevent pest attacks and spoilage
• Use intermittent light rains for early maturing crops especially vegetables that can be supplemented with micro-irrigation
• Preservation of planting materials for the next season
• Prepare land for the next season, ploughing
• Avoid bush burning, cutting trees and destruction of water catchment areas
• Practice mulching to conserve moisture in the soil
• Prepare composite manure
• Prune perennial crops like tea
• Control perennial weeds
• Planting of pastures can be undertaken including the improvement of the existing ones
• Guard against crop pests and diseases which are likely to be common

Livestock
• Construct and de-silt water and soil conservation structures in preparation for water harvesting
• Avoid bush burning to preserve pasture and forage
• Practice rotational grazing to avoid overgrazing
• Vaccinate and treat animals against the common diseases and warms

Fisheries
• Clear bush around fish ponds
• Construct / de-silt existing fishponds
• Secure ponds and other prevent predators from pond area
Forestry
• Avoid irresponsible tree cutting
• Prepare tree nursery beds for the next season
• Irrigate and maintain young tress

(b) Disaster Risk Reduction

Floods advisories
• Resettling people from flood prone areas
• Construct flood proof houses (Raise basements of foundations, put water proof floors)
• Construct proper drainage systems around the homesteads and gardens
• Communities living around national parks are advised to report displacement of animals
• De-silt drainage channels especially in Urban areas

Landslides advisory
• Identify and report any cracks to the authorities
• Relocate to safer areas

Lightning advisory
 Communities should be sensitised to put on rubber shoes
 Avoid contact with metallic objects while raining
 Installation of lightning arrestors on buildings(Schools, hospitals)
 Avoid sheltering under trees

Epidemics advisory
• Sensitisation of communities on hygiene
• Drinking clean water
• Need to have latrines
• Need to increase health surveillance

(C) Water, Energy and Power generation Advisories

Water
• Encourage water harvesting especially at house hold level
• De-silting of wells (water sources)
• Encourage irrigation in areas expected to receive depressed rainfall
• Protect the springs/wells (Barricades around the wells to protect them)
• People should avoid taking contaminated water
• People living in hilly areas and carrying out cultivation should take heed.
• Soil and water conservation should be encouraged
• Heavy siltation of water resources like rivers, lakes, and dams where there is minimal vegetation cover
• People should take heed of likely episodes of flooding in low land areas and river bank bursts

Energy and Power generation
• The levels of rivers and springs are likely to go down so affecting the production of Hydro Electricity Power so power should be used sparingly and conserved
• Use alternative sources of energy e.g. solar
• Rehabilitate and replace weak electric poles
• Avoid bush burning
• Harvest fuel wood (briquettes, firewood) and store
• Construction of energy saving stoves

(d) Health Advisories

• Need for heath education and awareness campaigns
• Increase disease surveillance due to expected upsurges of epidemics
• Need to have the necessary standby drugs at the districts
• Need for contingency planning

(e) Infrastructure and Works Advisories

• De-silting the drainage systems
• Repair the culverts and replace the damaged ones
• Resurfacing the roads
• Preposition of the maintenance logistics (e.g. bull dozers) for repair of bridges that may become submerged or washed away due to flash floods and also land slides which may cause road blockages
• Strong/violent winds may be experienced that can cause structural damages to buildings (blow off rooftops and collapse of poorly constructed buildings).
• Installation of lightning arrestors on public buildings (schools, hospitals) and also in homes.
• Put aside a contingency fund.

(f) Education and Conservation
Education
• Encourage water harvesting and Storage in schools
• Ensure sustainable use of available water
• Emphasise tree planting and management to avoid wind and dust storms
• Awareness on hygiene and sanitation to avoid water and air borne diseases

Conservation
• Clearing buffer zones around the gardens and forest plantations
• Establish water points inside the park to avoid animal movement to the communities to look for water
• Communities around protected areas should fence water sources to avoid animal raids
• Protected livestock should not be allowed to mix with wild animals to avoid disease transfers
• Uganda wildlife authority should deploy staff to control problem animals from raiding community gardens
• De-silting of water resources to avoid floods and water scarcity
• In areas expected to receive enhanced rainfall, tree planting and re-planting of degraded forests should be encouraged

2.4 NORTHERN

2.4.1 Eastern northern Parts: (Lira, Kitgum, Agago, Otuke, Pader, Kole, Dokolo and Kaberamaido) districts

Currently the rains in this region are on a decline but are expected to pick up late June and continue up to the end of the season. Overall, there are high chances of receiving near normal rains over this region.

Crop
• Harvest mature crops
• Use dry spells for proper drying of harvested crops
• Carryout proper postharvest handling and storage to prevent pest attacks and spoilage
• Preservation of planting materials for the next season
• Prepare land for the next season, ploughing
• Avoid bush burning, cutting trees and destruction of water catchment areas
• Practice mulching to conserve moisture in the soil
• Prepare composite manure
• Control perennial weeds
• Planting of pastures can be undertaken including the improvement of the existing ones
• Guard against crop pests and diseases which are likely to be common

Livestock
• Construct and de-silt water and soil conservation structures in preparation for water harvesting
• Avoid bush burning to preserve pasture and forage
• Practice rotational grazing to avoid overgrazing
• Vaccinate and treat animals against the common diseases and warms

Fisheries
• Clear bush around fish ponds
• Construct / de-silt existing fishponds
• Secure ponds and other prevent predators from pond area

Forestry
• Avoid irresponsible tree cutting
• Prepare tree nursery beds for the next season
• Irrigate and maintain young tress
(b) Disaster Risk Reduction

Floods advisories
• Resettling people from flood prone areas
• Construct flood proof houses (Raise basements of foundations, put water proof floors)
• Construct proper drainage systems around the homesteads and gardens
• Communities living around national parks are advised to report displacement of animals
• De-silt drainage channels especially in Urban areas

Landslides advisory
• Identify and report any cracks to the authorities
• Relocate to safer areas

Lightning advisory
 Communities should be sensitised to put on rubber shoes
 Avoid contact with metallic objects while raining
 Installation of lightning arrestors on buildings(Schools, hospitals)
 Avoid sheltering under trees

Epidemics advisory
• Sensitisation of communities on hygiene
• Drinking clean water
• Need to have latrines
• Need to increase health surveillance

(C) Water, Energy and Power generation Advisories

Water
• Water harvesting should be stepped up at house hold level to take advantage of the abundant water for use in drier times
• De-silting of wells (water sources)
• Encourage irrigation in areas expected to receive depressed rainfall
• Protect the springs/wells (Barricades around the wells to protect them)
• People should avoid taking contaminated water
• People living in hilly areas and carrying out cultivation should take heed.
• Soil and water conservation should be encouraged
• Heavy siltation of water resources like rivers, lakes, and dams where there is minimal vegetation cover
• People should take heed of likely episodes of flooding in low land areas and river bank bursts

Energy and Power generation
• The levels of rivers and springs are likely to go down so affecting the production of Hydro Electric Power so power should be used sparingly and conserved
• Use alternative sources of energy e.g. solar
• Rehabilitate and replace weak electric poles
• Avoid bush burning
• Harvest fuel wood (briquettes, firewood) and store
• Construction of energy saving stoves

(d) Health Advisories

• Need for heath education and awareness campaigns
• Increase disease surveillance due to expected upsurges of epidemics
• Need to have the necessary standby drugs at the districts
• Need for contingency planning

(e) Infrastructure and Works Advisories

• De-silting the drainage systems
• Repair the culverts and replace the damaged ones
• Resurfacing the roads
• Preposition of the maintenance logistics (e.g. bull dozers) for repair of bridges that may become submerged or washed away due to flash floods and also land slides which may cause road blockages
• Strong/violent winds may be experienced that can cause structural damages to buildings (blow off rooftops and collapse of poorly constructed buildings).
• Installation of lightning arrestors on public buildings (schools, hospitals) and also in homes.
• Put aside a contingency fund.

(f) Education and Conservation
Education
• Encourage water harvesting and Storage in schools
• Ensure sustainable use of available water
• Emphasise tree planting and management to avoid wind and dust storms
• Awareness on hygiene and sanitation to avoid water and air borne diseases

Conservation
• Clearing buffer zones around the gardens and forest plantations
• Establish water points inside the park to avoid animal movement to the communities to look for water
• Communities around protected areas should fence water sources to avoid animal raids
• Protected livestock should not be allowed to mix with wild animals to avoid disease transfers
• Uganda wildlife authority should deploy staff to control problem animals from raiding community gardens
• De-silting of water resources to avoid floods and water scarcity
• In areas expected to receive enhanced rainfall, tree planting and re-planting of degraded forests should be encouraged

2.4.2 Central northern Parts : (Gulu, Apac, Pader, Lamwo Nwoya, Amuru, Oyam and Kiryandongo) districts

Currently the rains in this region are on a decline but are expected to pick up late June and continue through to late October/early November with relaxation around mid July. Overall there are high chances of near normal rains.

Crop
• Harvest mature crops
• Use dry spells for proper drying of harvested crops
• Carryout proper postharvest handling and storage to prevent pest attacks and spoilage
• Encourage planting of cereal crops
• Prepare land for the next season, ploughing
• Avoid bush burning, cutting trees and destruction of water catchment areas
• Control perennial weeds
• Planting of pastures can be undertaken including the improvement of the existing ones
• Guard against crop pests and diseases which are likely to be common in this season

Livestock
• Construct and de-silt water and soil conservation structures in preparation for water harvesting
• Avoid bush burning to preserve pasture and forage
• Practice rotational grazing to avoid overgrazing
• Vaccinate and treat animals against the common diseases and warms

Fisheries
• Clear bush around fish ponds
• Construct / de-silt existing fishponds
• Secure ponds and other prevent predators from pond area
Forestry
• Encourage massive afforestation and re-afforestation of degraded forests
• Prepare tree nursery beds for the next season

(b) Disaster Risk Reduction

Floods advisories
• Resettling people from flood prone areas
• Construct flood proof houses (Raise basements of foundations, put water proof floors)
• Construct proper drainage systems around the homesteads and gardens
• Communities living around national parks are advised to report displacement of animals
• De-silt drainage channels especially in Urban areas

Landslides advisory
• Identify and report any cracks to the authorities
• Relocate to safer areas

Lightning advisory
 Communities should be sensitised to put on rubber shoes
 Avoid contact with metallic objects while raining
 Installation of lightning arrestors on buildings(Schools, hospitals)
 Avoid sheltering under trees

Epidemics advisory
• Sensitisation of communities on hygiene
• Drinking clean water
• Need to have latrines
• Need to increase health surveillance

(C) Water, Energy and Power generation Advisories

Water
• Water harvesting should be stepped up at house hold level to take advantage of the abundant water for use in drier times
• De-silting of wells (water sources)
• Encourage irrigation in areas expected to receive depressed rainfall
• Protect the springs/wells (Barricades around the wells to protect them)
• People should avoid taking contaminated water
• People living in hilly areas and carrying out cultivation should take heed.
• Soil and water conservation should be encouraged
• Heavy siltation of water resources like rivers, lakes, and dams where there is minimal vegetation cover
• People should take heed of likely episodes of flooding in low land areas and river bank bursts

Energy and Power generation
• The levels of rivers and springs are likely to go down so affecting the production of Hydro Electricity Power so power should be used sparingly and conserved
• Use alternative sources of energy e.g. solar
• Rehabilitate and replace weak electric poles
• Avoid bush burning
• Harvest fuel wood (briquettes, firewood) and store
• Construction of energy saving stoves

(d) Health Advisories

• Need for heath education and awareness campaigns
• Increase disease surveillance due to expected upsurges of epidemics
• Need to have the necessary standby drugs at the districts
• Need for contingency planning

(e) Infrastructure and Works Advisories

• De-silting the drainage systems
• Repair the culverts and replace the damaged ones
• Resurfacing the roads
• Preposition of the maintenance logistics (e.g. bull dozers) for repair of bridges that may become submerged or washed away due to flash floods and also land slides which may cause road blockages
• Strong/violent winds may be experienced that can cause structural damages to buildings (blow off rooftops and collapse of poorly constructed buildings).
• Installation of lightning arrestors on public buildings (schools, hospitals) and also in homes.
• Put aside a contingency fund.

(f) Education and Conservation
Education
• Encourage water harvesting and Storage in schools
• Ensure sustainable use of available water
• Emphasise tree planting and management to avoid wind and dust storms
• Awareness on hygiene and sanitation to avoid water and air borne diseases

Conservation
• Clearing buffer zones around the gardens and forest plantations
• Establish water points inside the park to avoid animal movement to the communities to look for water
• Communities around protected areas should fence water sources to avoid animal raids
• Protected livestock should not be allowed to mix with wild animals to avoid disease transfers
• Uganda wildlife authority should deploy staff to control problem animals from raiding community gardens
• De-silting of water resources to avoid floods and water scarcity
• In areas expected to receive enhanced rainfall, tree planting and re-planting of degraded forests should be encouraged

NOTE:

1. All atmospheric and oceanic indicators of ENSO have remained neutral (neither El Niño nor La Niña) since mid-2012. While most models suggest that neutral conditions will continue in 2013, it remains possible that a La Niña event could develop later in the year.

2. The Department of Meteorology will continue to monitor the evolution of relevant weather systems particularly the state of the SSTs and issue appropriate updates and advisories to the users regularly.

M.S.Z. Nkalubo
COMMISSIONER FOR METEOROLOGY

APPENDIX 1

EXPLANATORY NOTES TO TERMINOLOGY

Above Normal: This is when the total rainfall is above 125% of the long - term -mean (LTM). Impact on socio-economic activities is mostly boosted especially in the modest degrees of above average.

Normal: This is when the total rainfall is in the range of 75% to 125%of the LMT. This range of rainfall is expected to adequately support the normal socio-economic activities for the various areas.

Below Normal: This is when the total rainfall is below 75% of the LTM. Under this range there are high chances for socio-economic activities being stressed, the level of stress increasing with increasing rainfall deficiency.

Accuracy: This forecast is up to 70% accurate. It is supported by useful forecast guidance inputs drawn from a wide range of sources including the World Meteorological Organization’s Global Producing Centres (WMO GPCs). These inputs were combined into a regional consensus forecast using deterministic and probabilistic modelling alongside expert analysis and interpretation to obtain the regional rainfall forecast for the June to August 2013 season.