Tanzania Short Rains Forecast Sept, Oct, Nov, Dec 2010 Released

Lead Story in Daliy News Tanzania Dar es Salaam

By KATARE MBASHIRU, 8th September 2010 @ 23:59, Total Comments: 0, Hits: 278

MOST regions are expected to experience drought to be caused by below normal seasonal rains, a situation which is likely to affect agriculture, food security and water supply.

The Tanzania Meteorological Agency (TMA) Director General, Dr Agnes Kijazi, said in Dar es Salaam on Wednesday that the below normal rains would be triggered by prevailing climate system where the Sea Surface Temperatures (SSTs) in the Central Equatorial Pacific have been uncharacteristically cool for the past two months.

“This year’s seasonal rains which begins in October and continue to December are likely to be influenced by La Nina and is expected to be associated with dry spells, thus triggering dynamics of rainfall suppression over some parts of the country,’’ she said.

Dr Kijazi named the regions which are likely to get below normal rainfall as Dar es Salaam, Tanga, Coast, Northern Morogoro, Isles of Unguja and Pemba, Kilimanjaro, Arusha and Manyara.

Others are Singida, Dodoma, Tabora, Rukwa, Southern Kigoma, eastern Shinyanga, Lindi and Northern parts of Mbeya and Iringa.

However, she said, Lake Victoria Basin mainly in Kagera, Northern Kigoma, Mara and Mwanza regions are expected to have above normal rains from the third week of this month which may result into flash floods.

She said the November 2010 to April next year seasonal rains would be more significant for the Western Central Southern highlands, Southern regions and Southern Coast. She advised farmers living in Northern Coast, Northern Lindi, Northern Morogoro, Iringa and Mbeya, greater parts of northeastern highlands and western parts to plant fast maturing crops to accommodate the situation.

However, she advised farmers in Lake Victoria Zone, northern parts of Tabora, western Shinyanga and northern Kigoma to continue with normal cropping season.

“A greater part of the country is expected to face water deficit, thus we advise available water to be well managed and whenever possible, rain water harvesting should be practised,’’ she noted.

Dr Kijazi called for local authorities over Lake Victoria Basin to open up drainage systems to avoid water accumulation due to surface run-off so as to minimise the impacts of flash floods.

The rainfall outlook was preceded by the National Meteorological Services of Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) meeting in August and September, this year and International Meteorological Centres convened in Kenya, and later Tanzania Meteorological Agency (TMA) Climate Experts’ forum that took place in Dar es Salaam.