The joint prevention and control mechanism of the State Council held a press conference on March 22 to introduce the situation of ensuring the supply of agricultural materials for spring ploughing production. Huang Xiuzhu, deputy director of the Department of quality and safety supervision of agricultural products of the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas, Xie Yan, the second level inspector of the Department of seed industry management, etc., answered media questions about the supply of agricultural materials, transportation, crackdown on counterfeits and the quality and safety of agricultural products.
The total supply of agricultural materials is guaranteed
At present, the return to work rate of key agricultural material enterprises has reached 88%, the business rate of agricultural material stores has reached 90%, and the return to work rate of 1 / 4 provincial stores and enterprises in China has reached 100%, and the supply of agricultural material can reach the annual level. In the near future, fertilizer production capacity has been rapidly recovering. At present, the operating rate of major fertilizer enterprises has reached the annual level, and the overall supply of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizer is greater than the demand. Pesticides are generally adequate. According to the forecast of experts, the occurrence of agricultural diseases and insect pests in China this year is very serious. Scheduling shows that the return rate of 1559 pesticide enterprises in China is 83%, and that of 250000 pesticide stores is 91%, close to the annual level. At present, 156 pesticide enterprises involved in the urgently needed drugs for wheat stripe rust, scab and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum of rape have a return to work rate of 94%, which can provide 65000 tons of pesticides for the roads and meet the demand for pesticides. The Ministry of agriculture and rural areas optimized and recommended 28 species of medicine for the moth, and the inventory could also meet the control needs of 600 million mu of the same type of pests.
The price of agricultural materials rose on a month on month basis and fell on a year-on-year basis
According to the follow-up survey, from late February to early March, the price of each ton of fertilizer increased by about 50-150 yuan. The reasons for the month on month rise: first, cyclical fluctuations. In the early stage of spring ploughing, the price of chemical fertilizer usually rises and fluctuates to a certain extent. At present, the fluctuation is generally within a reasonable level. Second, the demand for chemical fertilizer is released centrally. Affected by the epidemic, this year's demand for chemical fertilizer lagged behind. Now the situation of epidemic prevention and control has improved. Transportation has basically been opened up. Dealers at the grass-roots level have centralized stock, farmers have centralized purchase, and the demand for chemical fertilizer has been released. Third, the issue of transshipment cost. Generally, chemical fertilizer is combined transportation by road, railway and waterway. The shortage of loading and unloading personnel in wharf, station and freight yard also causes the increase of transfer cost. According to the regulation of China Association of agricultural material circulation, the price of main chemical fertilizer varieties is lower than that of the same period last year. The wholesale price of urea is 1885 yuan / ton, and the retail price is 2070 yuan / ton, which is 7% and 0.35% lower than that of the same period last year. The price of diammonium phosphate, potassium chloride and compound fertilizer decreased by 5% - 10% year on year, which will not have a great impact on spring ploughing production.
The quality of agricultural materials is guaranteed
According to the spot check, the quality of the main agricultural materials in China is guaranteed. For example, in 2019, the qualified rate of seed sampling is stable at 98%, the qualified rate of veterinary drug sampling is also 98%, and the qualified rate of pesticide is currently 91%, maintaining a high level. In recent years, in order to ensure the quality of agricultural products, the agricultural and rural sectors have taken the following measures: first, improve the access threshold and strengthen the access control. Strengthen the approval management of seeds, pesticides, fertilizers, veterinary drugs, feeds and feed additives, and raise the threshold of access. Second, strengthen supervision and spot check, find out unqualified products and dispose them in time. Third, promote the traceability management of agricultural products. At present, there are 3.8 billion two-dimensional code traces of pesticides, and the production links of veterinary drugs have realized full coverage of enterprises and products. Fourth, fighting against counterfeits. Joint actions are carried out every year with supreme law, supreme inspection, Ministry of industry and information technology, Ministry of public security, General Administration of market supervision, and supply and marketing cooperatives. In 2019, agricultural and rural departments dispatched 1.07 million people and investigated and dealt with 11000 problems. Fifthly, carry out the activity of "putting agricultural materials at ease into the countryside and villages". In 2019, various provinces and regions carried out a variety of activities of "reassuring farmers to go to the countryside and villages". According to national statistics, during the activities, 130 million copies of data on the identification of leave and agricultural materials were distributed.
Fighting against fake agricultural materials
The Ministry of agriculture and rural areas launched the action of "spring thunder" to crack down on fake agricultural materials nationwide, investigating and punishing a batch of illegal cases, punishing a batch of criminals, removing a batch of black dens for making and selling fake goods, exposing a batch of typical cases of making and selling fake goods, sweeping up fake and inferior agricultural materials, and connecting the nest end for those who make and sell fake goods. In terms of products, we should focus on six categories of products, including seeds, pesticides, fertilizers, veterinary drugs, feeds and agricultural machinery, mainly to investigate and deal with such problems as illegal addition, insufficient content, infringement and counterfeiting. In the region, it is mainly to highlight the urban-rural junction, the distribution center of agricultural materials management, and the planting and breeding production base. In terms of tasks, we should focus on three aspects. First, we should strengthen random inspection. According to the change of epidemic situation, guide the low-risk areas to take the county as the unit, comprehensively carry out the investigation and inspection of agricultural material industry, and carry out the supervision and spot check of agricultural material urgently needed for spring ploughing production. Second, law enforcement and investigation. We should maintain the situation of high-pressure crackdown and deal with these illegal cases in a strict, serious and rapid manner, especially during the epidemic prevention and control period. Third, strengthen publicity and guidance. Take the form that farmers like to hear and see, such as the village loudspeaker, wechat and other ways, popularize the knowledge of identifying the false of agricultural materials, help farmers improve the ability of identifying the false of agricultural materials, and carry out the activities of going to the countryside and villages with assured agricultural materials, send the high-quality and assured agricultural materials to the countryside and farmers.
The quality and safety of agricultural products are generally reliable
The Ministry of agriculture and rural areas has taken a series of measures to ensure the quality and safety of "vegetable basket" products. First, management responsibility of compaction territory. Second, we printed and distributed the operation guidelines and diagrams of safeguard measures for the quality and safety of agricultural products during the epidemic prevention and control period